Day 2 Plenary Sessions (part 1)
- P5: Jonathan Hassell: Stop Trying to Avoid Losing and Start Winning: How BS 8878 Reframes the Accessibility Question
- P6: David Cornforth: Adapting to Responsive Web Design
- P7: Martin Hamilton: The inside-out University
P5: Jonathan Hassell: Stop Trying to Avoid Losing and Start Winning: How BS 8878 Reframes the Accessibility Question
“What I want is to strategically embed inclusion into [my organisation]’s culture and business-as-usual processes, rather than just doing another inclusion project.”
This quote sums up where people want to be, Hassell said, but in general organisations are scared of accessibility — they don’t really understand it, or they only have one committed individual who does it, or it only happens in specific projects/products; they don’t know what’s in it for them apart from risk mitigation. Accessibility solutions often seem piecemeal — they’re tactical, not strategic.
They also feel like they’re competing for your time with (rather than linking in with) other useful web strategies:
- mobile strategy (including apps, responsive design, etc)
- open data strategy
- content strategy
- social and search strategy
- UX strategy
As a result, people tend to do the bare minimum for accessibility, then spend their time firefighting as complaints come in. This is just treating the symptoms: “we need to fix the problem in the process, not the product.” But this is made harder by organisational structure and culture — it’s difficult for individuals to change processes.
We need to reframe the accessibility question, says Hassell, to see it as a business opportunity: by increasing inclusion we can maximise our reach. There are a lot of people out there for whom accessibility is an issue:
- 11 million disabled people
- 12 million older people (of pension age)
- 7 million adults with low literacy levels (< age 11)
BS8878 is a new accessibility ‘code of practice’ which gives a framework for reducing costs and improving quality; it allows you to choose the right guidelines for your product/audience, rather than making you mould your product to rigid guidelines.
Hassell compared BS8878 to other accessibility guidelines — many assume you actually code HTML by hand — most of us don’t any more; instead we need to think about how we can make the best of CMSs and other third-party software that we can’t ‘fix’ completely. Some of that is about the people using them — how can we motivate content creators to do their job better? WCAG 2.0 is good as a ‘roadmap’ but doesn’t tell you if you’ve got there — that’s when you need to do user testing to see if people can actually use your product. Remember the goal is to “build a better website, not just a compliant one.”
- BS 8878 web accessibility standards – all you need to know: http://www.hassellinclusion.com/bs8878/
P6: David Cornforth: Adapting to Responsive Web Design
“Get your content ready to go anywhere, because it’s going to go everywhere.”
David Cornforth reminded us that we need to stop thinking in terms of “web pages” and how they look, and start thinking about content and how we can achieve content parity between desktop and mobile.
He gave a quick history of how the web used to be (including some nostalgia-inducing screenshots for those of us who remember the days of Times New Roman and blue underlined links!) and how we used to design for different screen sizes, different browsers… and how this became unsustainable as the number of different devices and browsers increased exponentially.
Instead of designing device-specific experiences, we need to embrace the flexibility of the web, and stop making assumptions about the content users want based on the device they’re using (90% of users switch devices to complete a task; 98% move between devices on the same day). We also need to be more iterative and more agile to cope with responsive design.
- Long Live the Web: A Call for Continued Open Standards and Neutrality (Tim Berners-Lee): http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=long-live-the-web
- Future-Ready Content (Sara Wachter-Boettcher): http://alistapart.com/article/future-ready-content
- A Dao of Web Design (John Allsopp): http://alistapart.com/article/dao
- For a Future-Friendly Web (Brad Frost): http://bradfrostweb.com/blog/web/for-a-future-friendly-web/
P7: Martin Hamilton: The inside-out University
Once again we were reminded that the Higher Education landscape is changing significantly and rapidly, with MOOCs and ‘open by default’ being among the key culprits.
Hamilton took us through an array of cutting-edge technologies before asking us whether our institution was ready to embrace this sort of change, or whether it was stuck in the past. He then talked about ‘extinction level events’, comparing the drop in student numbers in the age of the MOOC with the recent failure of businesses such as Jessops to adapt to competition from Amazon.
He then moved on to the main focus of his talk, the move towards ‘open by default’ as a result of a combination of drivers towards openness: funders requiring Open Access publication, funders requiring research data to be made available, demands for University statistics, developments in Open Educational Resources (OER). However, he reminded us that the flip side of ‘open by default’ is the increase in useless information: “you can splurge all this information out, but if it’s not useful, what’s the point?”
Hamilton then took us through several interesting Jisc case studies using course data, VLEs, and ‘big data’, before leading into the ‘crowdsourcing a Jisc innovation strategy’ promised in the title. This was an interesting exercise in collaborative brainstorming, though it inevitably leaned more towards voting on existing suggestions (by adding a ‘+’ after them) rather than coming up with new input.
- Trailing my IWMW 2013 talk: The Inside Out University (Martin Hamilton): http://blog.martinh.net/2013/06/trailing-my-iwmw-2013-talk-inside-out.html
- Crowdsourcing a Jisc innovation strategy: the actual document http://goo.gl/UMXz6